EMEA Snap:Czech Republic (Politics),What kind of coalition?

Luxembourg has increasingly shown a progressive attitude to transport.
This summer, the government brought in free transport for every child
and young person under the age of 20. Secondary school students can use
free shuttles between their institution and their home. Commuters need
only pay 2 for up to two hours of travel, which in a country of just
999 sq miles (2,590 sq km) covers almost all journeys.

    The Chamber of Deputies is entrusted with greater powers than the
Senate,especially regarding the exercise of parliamentary scrutiny over
the government.


    There is no constitutional deadline for the President to appoint the
new primeminister. The newly appointed PM, however, has 30 days to
obtain a vote ofconfidence from the Parliament, and must have full
cabinet nominations by then.


    The government is formed by the members of the Chambers of Deputies
andthe leader becomes the Prime Minister, usually for a full term of
four years. Thepresident has the power to appoint the prime minister of
the new government,but typically asks the leader of a large minority
party to form a new government.


    The Constitution dictates that a system of proportional
representation must beused to elect the Chamber of Deputies. All 200
deputies are elected in a singleround of voting, held in 14 regions of
the country. There is an election thresholdthat determines the minimum
number of votes that a political party must receivein elections in order
to be allocated a mandate (mandates) in the Chamber ofDeputies. The
newest version of the election law gives the following thresholds:5% for
a single political party or political movement; 10% for a coalition of
twopolitical parties or political movements; 15% for a coalition of
three politicalparties or political movements.

Fares on trains, trams and buses will be lifted next summer under the
plans of the re-elected coalition government led by Xavier Bettel, who
was sworn in for a second term as prime minister on Wednesday.

In the Czech Republic, the constitution vests relatively strong powers
withthe President, and has a traditional parliamentary system, with two


    The Chamber of Deputies also has greater legislative powers than the
Senate. Forexample, in the case of proposals for regular laws, the
Chamber of Deputies mayvote to overrule the Senate, if the Senate has
rejected a legislative proposal orproposed any amendments.

The policy of the new government that has caused the most debate,
however, has been that of legalizing the purchase, possession and
consumption of cannabis for recreational use.

    The government wins the vote of confidence by an absolute majority,
with quorumof 67 deputies. In the event of no confidence, the president
can dissolve thechamber, and call early elections.

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Luxembourg City, the capital of the small Grand Duchy, suffers from some
of the worst traffic congestion in the world.

Now, from the start of 2020 all tickets will be abolished, saving on the
collection of fares and the policing of ticket purchases.


On top of the transport pledge, the new government is also considering
legalizing cannabis, and introducing two new public holidays.


Luxembourg is set to become the first country in the world to make all
its public transport free.

It is home to about 110,000 people, but a further 400,000 commute into
the city to work. A study suggested that drivers in the capital spent an
average of 33 hours in traffic jams in 2016.

Bettel only just scraped back into government in the recent election.
Opinion polls before October’s poll had indicated that the Christian
Social People’s party (CSV) – led for 19 years by the European
commission president, Jean-Claude Juncker – would end Bettel’s five
years as prime minister.


Bettel, whose Democratic party will form a government with the leftwing
Socialist Workers’ party and the Greens, had vowed to prioritize the
environment during the recent election campaign.

The CSV, however, lost seats, while the Greens gained three seats. The
result gave the coalition 31 seats in the 60-seat chamber.


While the country as a whole has 600,000 inhabitants, nearly 200,000
people living in France, Belgium and Germany cross the border every day
to work in Luxembourg.




The policy is yet to be fully thought through, however. A decision has
yet to be taken on what to do about first- and second-class compartments
on trains.



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