EMEA Snap:Czech Republic (Politics),What kind of coalition?

Luxembourg has increasingly shown a progressive attitude to transport.
This summer, the government brought in free transport for every child
and young person under the age of 20. Secondary school students can use
free shuttles between their institution and their home. Commuters need
only pay 2 for up to two hours of travel, which in a country of just
999 sq miles (2,590 sq km) covers almost all journeys.

    The Chamber of Deputies is entrusted with greater powers than the
Senate,especially regarding the exercise of parliamentary scrutiny over
the government.

在最近的大选中,贝泰尔险些未能重新当选。10月大选投票前的民意调查显示,基督教社会人民党的领导人让-克洛德·容克可能会给贝泰尔五年的首相生涯画上句号。容克是欧盟委员会主席,领导基督教社会人民党已有19年。

    There is no constitutional deadline for the President to appoint the
new primeminister. The newly appointed PM, however, has 30 days to
obtain a vote ofconfidence from the Parliament, and must have full
cabinet nominations by then.

卢森堡大公国的首都卢森堡市是全世界交通最拥堵的国家之一。

    The government is formed by the members of the Chambers of Deputies
andthe leader becomes the Prime Minister, usually for a full term of
four years. Thepresident has the power to appoint the prime minister of
the new government,but typically asks the leader of a large minority
party to form a new government.

尽管这个国家的居民总数为60万,但是每天有近20万居住在法国、比利时和德国的人跨境到卢森堡来上班。

    The Constitution dictates that a system of proportional
representation must beused to elect the Chamber of Deputies. All 200
deputies are elected in a singleround of voting, held in 14 regions of
the country. There is an election thresholdthat determines the minimum
number of votes that a political party must receivein elections in order
to be allocated a mandate (mandates) in the Chamber ofDeputies. The
newest version of the election law gives the following thresholds:5% for
a single political party or political movement; 10% for a coalition of
twopolitical parties or political movements; 15% for a coalition of
three politicalparties or political movements.

Fares on trains, trams and buses will be lifted next summer under the
plans of the re-elected coalition government led by Xavier Bettel, who
was sworn in for a second term as prime minister on Wednesday.

In the Czech Republic, the constitution vests relatively strong powers
withthe President, and has a traditional parliamentary system, with two
chambers.

新政府的政策中引发最多争议的是将购买、持有和消费娱乐性质的大麻合法化。

    The Chamber of Deputies also has greater legislative powers than the
Senate. Forexample, in the case of proposals for regular laws, the
Chamber of Deputies mayvote to overrule the Senate, if the Senate has
rejected a legislative proposal orproposed any amendments.

The policy of the new government that has caused the most debate,
however, has been that of legalizing the purchase, possession and
consumption of cannabis for recreational use.

    The government wins the vote of confidence by an absolute majority,
with quorumof 67 deputies. In the event of no confidence, the president
can dissolve thechamber, and call early elections.

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Luxembourg City, the capital of the small Grand Duchy, suffers from some
of the worst traffic congestion in the world.

Now, from the start of 2020 all tickets will be abolished, saving on the
collection of fares and the policing of ticket purchases.

再度当选的格扎维埃·贝泰尔领导下的联合政府推出计划,从明年夏天起,火车、电车和巴士的车费全免。贝泰尔5日刚宣誓就职首相,开始他的第二任期。

On top of the transport pledge, the new government is also considering
legalizing cannabis, and introducing two new public holidays.

除了交通免费的承诺外,新政府还考虑将大麻合法化,并增加两个公共节假日。

Luxembourg is set to become the first country in the world to make all
its public transport free.

It is home to about 110,000 people, but a further 400,000 commute into
the city to work. A study suggested that drivers in the capital spent an
average of 33 hours in traffic jams in 2016.

Bettel only just scraped back into government in the recent election.
Opinion polls before October’s poll had indicated that the Christian
Social People’s party (CSV) – led for 19 years by the European
commission president, Jean-Claude Juncker – would end Bettel’s five
years as prime minister.

然而,最终基督教社会人民党损失三个席位,而绿党增得三个席位。结果联合政府在议会全部60个席位中占据了31个席位。

Bettel, whose Democratic party will form a government with the leftwing
Socialist Workers’ party and the Greens, had vowed to prioritize the
environment during the recent election campaign.

The CSV, however, lost seats, while the Greens gained three seats. The
result gave the coalition 31 seats in the 60-seat chamber.

卢森堡对交通问题的态度与时俱进。今年夏天,政府出台政策,免除儿童和20岁以下青少年的公交费。中学生每天往返学校和家可以乘坐免费班车。通勤族乘坐公交两个小时只需支付2欧元(15.6元人民币),而对于一个领土面积只有999平方英里(2590平方公里)的国家来说,去国内的任何地方都可以在两个小时的车程内搞定。

While the country as a whole has 600,000 inhabitants, nearly 200,000
people living in France, Belgium and Germany cross the border every day
to work in Luxembourg.

从2020年起,卢森堡所有的车票都将被废除,检票、售票监控手续也将免除。

不过,该政策还需要经过充分的斟酌。关于火车一等座和二等座的车费问题还悬而未决。

卢森堡将成为世界首个公共交通全免费的国家。

The policy is yet to be fully thought through, however. A decision has
yet to be taken on what to do about first- and second-class compartments
on trains.

贝泰尔在竞选活动中曾经承诺,将把环境保护放在优先地位。贝泰尔所属的民主党将和左翼社会主义工人党、绿党一起组建联合政府。

卢森堡市的人口约11万,但还有40万人每日通勤进城上班。研究显示,2016年卢森堡的司机浪费在交通堵塞上的时间平均为33个小时。

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