Section C Dictation
Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and
inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation
of freedom, justice and peace in the world,
The first copy right law in the United States was passed by congress
in 1790. In 1976, congress enacted the latest copy right law, taking
into consideration the technological developments that had occurred
since the passage of the copy right act of 1909. For example, in 1909
anyone who wanted to make a single copy of a literary work for personal
use had to do so by hand. The very process imposed a limitation on the
quantity of materials copied. Today, a photo copier can do the work in
seconds. The limitation has disappeared. The 1909 Law did not provide
full protection for films and sound recordings nor did it anticipate the
need to protect radio and television. As a result, violations of the law
and abuses of the intent of the law have lessened the financial rewards
of authors, artists and producers. The 1976 copy right act has not
prevented these abuses fully, but it has clarified the legal rights of
the injured parties and given them an avenue for remedy. Since 1976 the
act has been amended to include computer software and guidelines have
been adopted for fair use of television broadcasts. These changes have
cleared up much of the confusion and conflict that followed in the wake
of 1976 legislation. The fine points of the law are decided by the
courts and by acceptable common practice overtime. As these decisions
and agreements are made, we modify our behavior accordingly. For now, we
need to interpret the law and its guidelines as accurately as we can and
to act in a fair manner。
Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in
barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the
advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech
and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the
highest aspiration of the common people,
Listening Comprehension nutes)
Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse,
as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that
human rights should be protected by the rule of law,
Whereas it is essential to promote the development of friendly relations
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 shortconversations and
2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one ormore
questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and
thequestions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be
a pause.During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A)，
B)， C) and D)， anddecide which is the best answer. Then mark the
corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single linethrough the
Whereas the peoples of the United Nations have in the Charter reaffirmed
their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the
human person and in the equal rights of men and women and have
determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in
Whereas Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in cooperation
with the United Nations, the promotion of universal respect for and
observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms,
M: Look atthese low prices at these fashionable TV sets. Something
is fishy, don’t you think so?
Whereas a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the
greatest importance for the full realization of this pledge,
W: Well, there have been a lot of robberiesrecently. Some of the
stolen goods may have landed here。
Now, therefore,The General Assembly,Proclaims this Universal Declaration
of Human Rights as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and
all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of
society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by
teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms
and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their
universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the
peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories
under their jurisdiction.
Q: Whatdoes the woman imply about the low price television sets?
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are
endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in
a spirit of brotherhood.
M: I’ve beenassigned to cover the governess speech today. What about
W: Nothing is grand as yours. I have to do an interview for the
evening newsabout a man
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this
Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex,
language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social
origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction
shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or
international status of the country or territory to which a person
belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under
any other limitation of sovereignty.
with dozens of cats。
Q: What do we learn about the speakers?
Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.
3. W: Didn’t I see you going into the administrationbuilding this
M: I needed to switch my computer class to the950 section。
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave
trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
4. W: I guess you watch the quiz showon television last night.
What did you think about it?
No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading
treatment or punishment.
M: Well, it’s great. The first four contestants won onlysmall
prizes, but the fifth left with a
new luxury car。
Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the
Q: What does the man say about the quiz show?
5. W: I can’t find the arrival time of the New York toBoston
Express on this schedule。
All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination
to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection
against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against
any incitement to such discrimination.
M: Look for New York in the left-hand column andfollow it across
until you find the hour
listed in the Boston column。
Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national
tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the
constitution or by law.
Q: What are the speakers most probably doing?
6. W: You look different today, but Ican’t quiteput my finger on
what it is。
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
M: Oh, yesterday I finally got around to thatnew barbershop in the
mall and enjoyed their
Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an
independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights
and obligations and of anycriminal charge against him.
Q: What can be inferred about the man?
7. W: What do you think Picasso’s painting exhibited in the city
Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed
innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which
he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence.
No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any
act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under national
or international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a
heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time
the penal offence was committed.
M: Personally I can’t quite see the meaning in his modern works.Most
of them remind me of
the stuff my nephew brings home from thekindergarten。
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy,
family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and
reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against
such interference or attacks.
Q: What does the man mean?
8. W: Rod said he wanted to get involvedin student government this
Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within
the borders of each State.
Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and
to return to his country.
M: But he hasn’t gone through a single meeting, has he?
Q: What does the man imply about Rod?
Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum
This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely
arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes
and principles of the United Nations.
M：Good morning! Madam.Can I help you?
Everyone has the right to a nationality.
No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied
the right to change his nationality.
W: Oh, I do hope so. I have to get to Manchestertoday and my own car
has broken down. Do
you by any chance have a car available?
Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race,
nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family.
They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at
Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of
the intending spouses.
The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and
is entitled to protection by society and the State.
M：For how many days? Madam。
W: Three, just until the weekend。
Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in
association with others.
No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.
M: And what sort of car did you have in mind?
W: Well. That depends a little bit on the price.But I normally drive
a Chevrolet. Do you have
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion;
this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and
freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or
private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice,
worship and observance.
anything like that?
M: Yes, Certainly. That’s group C which includes Chevrolet
Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right
includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek,
receive and impart information and ideas through any media and
regardless of frontiers.
W: How much are they?
M: Well, for three days, you would have to haveit under the
unlimited mileage conditions,
Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and
No one may be compelled to belong to an association.
whichwill work out cheaper for Manchester anyway. Let’s see, Group
C, three to five
days hire with unlimited mileage is 53 poundsper day。
Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country,
directly or through freely chosen representatives.
Everyone has the right to equal access to public service in his
The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of
government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine
elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be
held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.
W: I see. Does that include everything?
M: It Includes third party insurance, but it’s not include
value-added tax, patrol or CDW。
Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and
is entitled to realization, through national effort and international
co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of
each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable
for his dignity and the free development of his personality.
M: CDW? Oh, that’s the cover you in case you damage the hire
car.Third party insurance only covers you for damage two another
vehicle. For GroupC cars is 6 pounds per day。
Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just
and favourable conditions of work and to protection against
Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for
Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration
ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human
dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social
Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the
protection of his interests.
W: OK. I think I’ll have the Chevrolet。
M: All right. Could I have your driving licenseplease?
Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable
limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.
W: Certainly. Here we are。
M:So, it’s Ms. JB. Couty。
Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the
health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food,
clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and
the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness,
disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in
circumstances beyond his control.
Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance.
All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same
M:And the number is 509024bc9cs, expiring the1st,July,2015.And you
want to take it immediately?
Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at
least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education
shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made
generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to
all on the basis of merit.
Education shall be directed to the full development of the human
personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and
fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and
friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall
further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of
Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall
be given to their children.
W:Yes, I do ,please。
M: Lovely. Well you could just initial that boxthere for the CDW.
And that box there to confirm you have known drivingconvictions, thank
you, and then sign there. Great! That’s it!
Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of
the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement
and its benefits.
Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material
interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production
of which he is the author.
Questions9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard。
Q9:Why doesthe woman want to hire a car?
Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the
rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.
Q10:What is the woman’s main consideration in hiring a car?
Q11:What does the daily charge included?
Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full
development of his personality is possible.
In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject
only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose
of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of
others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order
and the general welfare in a democratic society.
These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the
purposes and principles of the United Nations.
Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any
State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform
any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set
Inthis section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each
passage, youwill hear some questions. Both the passages and the
questions will be spokenonly once. After you hear a question, you must
choose the best answer from thefour choices marked A)， B)， C) and D ).
Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single
linethrough the centre。
In a study of older people with sisters andbrothers, psychologist
Debra Gold of the Duke Center for the study of aging andhuman
development found that about 20% said they were hostile or indifferent
toward their sisters and brothers. Reasons for this ranged from
inheritancedisputes to hostility between spouses. But, many of those who
had poorrelationships felt guilty. Although most people admitted to some
lingeringrivalry, it was rarely strong enough to end the relationship.
Only four out ofthe 54 people interviewed had completely broken with
their sisters and brothersand only one of the four felt comfortable with
the break. As sisters andbrothers advanced into old age, closeness
increases and rivalry diminishes,explains VC, a psychologist at Purdue
University. Most of the elderly people heinterviewed said they had
supportive and friendly dealings and got along wellor very well with
their sisters and brothers. Only 4% got along poorly. Goldfound that as
people age, they often become more involved with and interestedin their
sisters and brothers. 53% of those she interviewed said that contactwith
their sisters and brothers increase innate adulthood. With family
andcareer obligations reduced, many said that they had more time for
each other.Others said that they felted with time to heal wounds. A man
who had recentlyreconciled with his brother told Gold there’s something
that lets older people to put asidebad deeds of the past and focus a
little on what we need now, especially whenit’s sistersand brothers。
16. What does the study by Debra Gold find about older people?
17. What has probably caused closeness to increase among sisters and
brothersaccording to VC?
18. What did the man who had recently reconciled with his brother
tell DebraGold about older people?
Monarch butterflies, the large origin blackinsects, are common
summer sights in northern United States and Canada. Theybrighten in
parks and gardens as they fly among the flowers. What makes
monarchbutterflies particularly interesting is they migrate, all the way
to Californiaor Mexico in back. They are thought to be the only insect
that does this. Everyyear in the late summer, monarch begin their
migration to the south, thoseheading for Mexico go first for the
Louisiana Mississippi region. And then theyfly to go across Mexico into
Texas. Once in Mexico, they establish themselvesin one of about 15 sizes
in the mountain forth. Each side provides the winterhome for millions of
monarchs. The butterflies are so numerous that they oftencover the
entire trees. When spring comes, they began their long journey north.The
question is often asked whether every butterfly makes the round
tripjourney every year. And the answer is no. The average monarch lives
about ninemonth. So when fly the north, they might lay eggs in Louisiana
and die. Theeggs of that following generation may be found in Kentucky,
the eggs of nextgeneration may be in the Kang Michigan. The last
generation of the season aboutthe forth may make the journey back in
Mexico and restart the cycle. Scientistslearn about the monarch
butterflies’ migration by capturing and placing theidentifying tags in
the insects. By recapturing the attempt of the monarch andnoting where
they came from, the next scientist can figure out things likebutterfly’s
age andits routing
19. What is the unique about the monarch butterfly according to the
20. Where does the butterfly settle at the end of the migration?
21. What does the speaker say about the monarch butterflies’
22. What is the talk mainly about?
People nowadays seem to have the sense thattheir time has become
more limited. Compared with early generations we spendmore and more time
working and have less and less free time to engage inleisure pursues.
But this premise turns out to be an illusion. the mostcomprehensive data
from major Time Use Service suggests, if anything, Americanstoday have
more free time than the early generations. The number of hours wework
has not changed much, but we spend less time now on home tasks. So we
havea great amount of time for leisure than in decades past. so why do
we feel liketime so scare. One problem is that time becomes more
valuable and time becomesmore worth money. we feel like we have less of
it. workers who bill or get paidby the hour, think employer and
fast-food workers, report focusing more onpursuing more money than those
who get paid by salary and the fact has beenfast. In one experiment,
people were told to play the role of consultant andbill their time by
either nine dollars an hour or ninety dollars an hour. Whenpeople billed
their time by ninety dollars an hour they report feeling far morepriced
for time. Thinking about our time as money, changes are our behavior
aswell. in one study, people who were instructed to think about money
beforeentering a cafe spent less times chatting with the other patrons
and more timeworking. Those who are thinking their time did reverse
spending time socializinginstead of working。
23. What does the speaker say now people feel about time?
24. What do the data from time use service show?
25. What happen when we think our time about our as money?
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three
times.When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen
carefully forits general idea. When the passage is read for the second
time, you arerequired to fill in the blanks with the exact words you
have just heard.Finally, when the passage is read for the third time,
you should check what youhave written。
The first copy right law in the United Stateswas passed by congress
in 1790. In 1976, congress enacted the latest copy rightlaw, taking into
consideration the technological developments that had occurredsince the
passage of the copy right act of 1909. For example, in 1909 anyonewho
wanted to make a single copy of a literary work for personal use had to
doso by hand. The very process imposed a limitation on the quantity of
materials copied.Today, a photo copier can do the work in seconds. The
limitation hasdisappeared. The 1909 Law did not provide full protection
for films and soundrecordings nor did it anticipate the need to protect
radio and television. As aresult, violations of the law and abuses of
the intent of the law have lessenedthe financial rewards of authors,
artists and producers. The 1976 copy rightact has not prevented these
abuses fully, but it has clarified the legal rightsof the injured
parties and given them an avenue for remedy. Since 1976 the acthas been
amended to include computer software and guidelines have been adoptedfor
fair use of television broadcasts. These changes have cleared up much
ofthe confusion and conflict that followed in the wake of 1976
legislation. Thefine points of the law are decided by the courts and by
acceptable commonpractice overtime. As these decisions and agreements
are made, we modify ourbehavior accordingly. For now, we need to
interpret the law and its guidelinesas accurately as we can and to act
in a fair manner。