二零一五年5月匈牙利(Hungary)语四级真题答案及点评(沪江版)

  五、四级听力答案及点评:听力填空(沪江网校版)

  2013年6月大学英语四级考试

50.答案:their relationship with partners解析:文中提到…report lower
relationship satisfaction as do their female
partners.故这里要重新组合转换表达形式。

  大熊猫

  M: Oh?

15M: I think your boss would be very upset when he gets your letter of
resignation.W: That may be so. But in the letter, I just told him
frankly I could no longer live with his poor management and stupid
decisions.Q: What do we learn about the woman?

  【点评】:细节题。关键词即是Jim
这个名字。关于两个Jim的情况是:他们一直生长在不同家庭,直到39岁才见面。‘…
grew up in different families and did not meet for 39 years.’
他们都结过两次婚,第二次婚姻中,妻子都叫贝蒂。‘Both men were married
twice… and their second wives were both named Betty.’
而他们的第一个孩子都是儿子 ‘Both twins named their first sons James
Allen.’

  Questions 23-25 are based on the conversation you have just heard。

  1. D. It will be some time before a new Einstein
    emerges.解析:这道题针对开头两节。A和C答案比较容易排除,A说爱因斯坦把数学推到了一个极限,C说在将来的两百年都不会有物理学家超过爱因斯坦,这两个都明显不合文章大意。B答案说需要一个爱因斯坦才能建立一种大一统理论,属于过度推理,并且细节性太强了。D答案是正确答案,很多同学不敢选D的原因是,因为有些科学家们认为爱因斯坦或许还没有诞生或许还是个小婴儿,他们认为这样一来就有可能爱因斯坦已经存在了。但是这句话里面的爱因斯坦是代表伟大的科学家的意思,那么这个题目选择D就是正确的,大家都同意的是像爱因斯坦那样伟大的科学家还需要一定的时间才会出现。

  2. B. His independent and abstract
    thinking解析:B他独立与抽象思维能力。这一段是文章中间部分的内容概括。根据上下文意思推断,爱因斯坦成功的原因,不能说是他在音乐方面的天分,也不能说他的努力或者他在数学方面的深厚基础,因此答案选择B。

  3. D. They often go into fields yielding greater financial
    benefits.解析:正确答案选择D。这段文章是在问今天的物理学家们的情况,
    A说他们缺乏分析能力,B说他们擅长处理实际问题,C说他们重视发表文章,都是从根据文章细节中捏造出来的错误选项。D是对于文章内容的一个总结概括,数量众多的物理学家进入了更有经济利益的领域。

  4. D. Nobody will read papers on apparently ridiculous
    theories.解析:正确答案选择D。结合Greene讲的话,他说What an
    idea!还说是需要把头往墙上撞的人才会相信能找到个解决方案呢!说明内容实在是比较荒诞。

  5. B. was little known in academic
    circles解析:正确答案选择B,说的是爱因斯坦在学术圈里面默默无闻,跟原文里面的“by
    a virtual
    unknown”相对应。有迷惑性的选择项是D,因为文中提到了爱因斯坦的文章没有配上脚注和注释footnote
    and
    citations.但是D选择项是说,爱因斯坦不懂得论文的格式,这个属于过度推理了。

  Moreover, I also developed other skills that required outside labs
through this course. For example, to be focused and careful when
proceeding a task, to be patient and calm when facing failures, and to
communicate properly when you need someone else to cooperate. These can
be very valuable assets to your life。

  23. What do we learn about Lisa?

47.答案:feminine and weak解析:文中提到…because they believe that such
feelings are feminine and imply weakness. 要填在to
be后面就应该转化成形容词形式。

  More and more Chinese young people are becoming interested in
travelling, which is a new trend in recent years. The increasing number
of young tourists can be attributed

  W: Paul, tell me about the special project you mentioned on the
phone. You sounded very excited about it!

A host of individuals are divided over this issue about university
ranking .An army of folks deem that we are supposed to be concerned
about the ranking because the ranking is the sole standard of measuring
the school’s comprehensive level . Plus, when choosing the university
for their kids, a growing number of parents take the ranking into
account. However, others maintain that it’s not a wise and rational idea
to view the university ranking as the only standard, put in another way
, we should not over-value the ranking. The ranking is the outward style
of the university .

  42. H. necessarily

  W: Oh, don’t worry, all from a man over 50. Father has told all his
business friends the good news about the baby. And the phone hasn’t
stopped ringing。

————————————————

  点评:

  M: They say they look beautiful。

12M: The pictures we took at the botanical garden should be ready
tomorrow.W: I can’t wait to see them, I’m wondering if the shots I took
are as good as I thought.Q: What is the woman eager to know?

  25. What do most people do in Andorra do nowadays?

  Questions 23-25 are based on the conversation you have just heard。

On my personal level, however, ranking matters much to a university ,
but enhancing the teaching and comprehensive quality is on the top of
university’s priority, ranging from the faculty to teaching methods to
teaching instruments and so forth . Only in these ways can we bulid up
fast-paced and flagship university smoothly .

  点评:本文主要表达当你在做决定时,应该如何有选择性的听取他人的意见。整体文章在理解上难度并不大。但在填入单词或词组的过程中需要同学们在拼写,时态与词组的连读上注意。比如alternatives,in
need
of等。十个空中,四个词组,三个名词,两个动词,一个形容词。词组难度不大,拼写也比较方便。关键还是在于同学们平日的词汇量的积累。

钱柜官方网站手机版 ,  M: I’m fine. The city is very hot this time of the year. It’s good
to get back to some fresh air. You know, Lisa, what they say about
pregnant women really is true。

As far I am concerned, every coin has two sides. On one hand, University
ranking does encourage the development and growth of colleges. Such
growth– the grand libraries, splendid stadiums and fruitful academic
achievements, has caught the attention of the world. We’re impressed by
these signs of our education’s tour to the 21st century.

  12. A In a restaurant

  听力原文

86.I
________________________(宁愿加入你们去做义工)than
go to the beach for a holiday。解析:would rather join you as a
volunteer考查结构“宁愿…也不愿…”, 因题干中已存在“than
go”的结构,只能使用 “would rather do rather than do”。加入… join
sb我宁愿加入你们去做义工,也不愿到海边去度假。

  31. ignore

  W: What’s that Paul?

————————————————

  to the rapid rise of their income and curiosity for exploring the
outside world. With more travel, young people spend less time in big
cities and famous sights. Instead, they are attracted to more remote
places. Some people even choose a long backpacking trip. A recent survey
shows that many young people want to experience a different culture,
enrich their knowledge and broaden their horizons through travelling。

  W: Well, I had a lot of tension while you’ve been studying hard on
your course in D.C。

13W: The handle of the suitcase is broken. Can you have it fixed by next
Tuesday?M: Let me see, I need to find a handle that matches but that
shouldn’t take too long.Q: What does the man mean?

  本次长篇阅读匹配题是关于二战后生育高峰的人在美国大萧条时期遭遇下岗、被迫提前退休等困窘状况的原因、影响等。文章题材与前两年阅读常考话题一致,属于社会问题型。考查题目中仍然以80%为细节题,仅有46题和53题为主旨概括题,其他均为细节题。而细节题的好处是题干中的定位词和原文几乎完全一致,如:47题laid
off在I段第一句一致;50题Age
discrimination在K段特殊标点符号,引号中为“Discrimination by
age,…”。因此,从细节题居多,题干关键词基本能与文章一一对应来看,本篇难度与往年持平。

  24. What do we learn about the man from the conversation?

Passage One

  六、四级翻译答案(沪江网校版)

  以下为2013年6月大学英语四级考试听力长对话原文2,由沪江网校提供,考完试的同学可以看一下,备考的同学也可以研究一下考题。希望大家四级考试顺利通过。

2.B Intergenerational conflicts will
intensify。解析:从书名定位到原文第二段,heading for the rock, the
cleaner,
都暗示了两代人之间的问题,最后的warfare则一目了然地指出了该矛盾。

  27. put forward

  M: You know, I’ve learned a lot from the project. I’m surprised that
was still in business。

55) A Insufficient funding.细节题。我们在第三段里可以找到答案。 从“…are
seriously underfunded…” “Humanists are usually among the lowest-paid
faculty members…” 这些信息中,可以很快知道是A选项。

  18. Why are scientists interested in studying identical twins raised
in different families?

  M: Oh, look, darling. There’s a taxi。

Passage One

  七、阅读理解答案及点评:选词填空(沪江网校版)

  W: That’s because we have a wonderful sales manager ——you!

9.mostly have families解析:题目中关键字intergenerational
warfare对应到原文倒数第五段。第二句直接对第一句做出了解释,摘录即可。

  44. C. belong

  Part III Listening Comprehension长对话2

Part Ⅲ 听力

  64. A) New career opportunities were made available to them by
women’s liberation。

  W: Oh, Paul, you look tired. Two months away in the capital? Paul, I
think you’ve been working too hard。

8.be innovative and take risks than younger ones解析:题目中old
societies关键字对应到倒数第六段第三行,题目中的less
inclined正好与原文中的more strongly
disinclined形成对照,所以答案只需摘录之后的原文即可,即take risks than
younger ones。

  38. I. products

  M: Lisa, Lisa! Over here, darling! It’s wonderful to see you. Oh,
Lisa, you look marvelous。

Psychologists are finding that hope plays a surprisingly vital role in
giving people a measurable advantage in rounds as diverse as academic
achievement, bearing up in tough jobs, and coping with tragic illness.
And, by contrast, the loss of hope, is turning out to be a stronger sign
that a person may commit suicide than other factors long thought to be
more likely risks. ‘Hope has proven a powerful predictor of outcome in
every study we’ve done so far,’ said Doctor Charles R. Snyder, a
psychologist, who has devised a scale to assess how much hope a person
has. For example, in research with 3920 college students, Doctor Snyder
and his colleagues found that the level of hope among freshmen at the
beginning of their first semester was a more accurate predictor of their
college grades, than were their SAT scores or their grade point averages
in high school, the two measures most commonly used to predict college
performance. ‘Students with high hope set themselves higher goals and
know how to work to attain them,’ Doctor Snyder said. ‘When you compare
students of equivalent intelligence and past academic achievements, what
sets them apart is hope.’ In devising a way to assess hope
scientifically, Doctor Snyder went beyond the simple notion that hope is
merely the sense that everything will turn out all right. ‘That notion
is not concrete enough and it blurs two key components of hope,’ Doctor
Snyder said, ‘Having hope means believing you have both the will and the
way to accomplish your goals, whatever they may be.’

  61. C) Little improvement in education has resulted from increased
spending。

  25. What does the man say about his company?

Passage one

  【点评】:细节题。通过对两个Jim的研究, These twins help scientists
understand the connection between environment and biology。

  M: Thanks. But that’s not the problem at all. Lisa, our little
company, and it is little compared to the giants in the city. Our little
company’s in danger. We are out of date.We need to expand. If we don’t,
we will be swallowed up by one of the giants。

31 B) The way they store data.“Why do “deleted” photos stick around so
long? The problem relates to the way data is stored on large
websites”,从这句话可知图片之所以不能立即删除跟它们存储的方式有关。

  答案:D. It was cut off from the rest of the world。

长对话

  【点评】:细节题。本篇文章开头即指出 ‘they(scientists) are trying to
explain how being half of the biological pair influences a twin’s
identity.’由此可知科学家一直试图想要解释双胞胎的身份人格是如何受到影响的。

  1. What can we infer from the conversation?A The man is the manager of
    the apartment building从对话中看出女士在找apartment
    building,不是男士。因此选A。

  2. What is the woman eager to know?B How the pictures will turn
    out.女士想知道的是if the shots I took are as good as I thought.
    照片是不是和她想的异样好。这里shots指照片。turn
    out指照片拍出来的效果。因此选B。

  3. What does the man mean?C The suitcase can be fixed in
    time.男士说到find a handle后面提到 but that shouldn’t take too
    long说明不是没有handle可以匹配。因此排除A,B。

  4. What do we learn about the man from the conversation?B He needs a
    vehicle to be used in harsh weather.男士说到truck需要operate for long
    periods of time in very cold temperatures,因此选择选项B。very cold
    temperatures对应harsh weather.

  5. What do we learn about the woman?A She has made up her mind to
    resign.从文中女士强硬的口气I could no longer live
    with…可以看出她下定决心。因此选择A。

  6. What does the women want to do?D Replace the shirt with one of some
    other material.女士首先提到exchange the shirt,后面又解释了原因allergic
    to wool,从男士的回答也可以看出换成别的材质。因此选择D。

  7. Where does this conversation most probably take place?D At a “Lost
    and Found”男士首先问Did anyone happen to turn in a new
    handbag?,女士又问了他handbag的详细信息,可见是在失物招领处,选D。

  8. What does the man plan to do with his old house?C Convert in into a
    hotelbut后面是真正意图: turning it into a guest house。guest house
    意为宾馆,因此选C。

  9. What is the key to write a good classical detective story according
    to the man?D Careful plotting and clueing.对话中提到it must be so
    carefully plotted and so carefully clued,对应D选项。

  10. What does the man mainly need when working on a book?D To be
    entirely alone.对话中can’t even bare anybody else, be completely
    alone都说明该作家需要独立的写作空间,因此选择D。

  11. What does the man say about writers?C They look at the world in a
    detached manner.关键词detachment
    分离。作家提到作者的经历和写作。虽然说道some experiences overwhelm
    everyone, 但是后面的but暗示了答案,stand
    aside、detachment都对应了C选项。

  12. What does the woman say about British railways?B Like it or not, you
    have to use them.在对话一开始,女士就提到了There’s only one railway
    system, if you don’t like a particular railway, you can’t go and use
    another.
    因为只有一条铁路,即使不喜欢,也只能乘坐,换句话说不论喜欢与否都得用它。因此选择B。

  13. What do some people who write to the man complain about?D The
    monopoly of British
    Railways.对话中谈及monopoly,铁路垄断,因此选D。其他选项均未涉及。

  14. What does the man say threatens the existence of railways?B
    Competition from other modes of transport.对话中modes of transport are
    all around对应选项B。

  15. What does the man say about railways in other countries?D They lose
    a lot of
    money.男士以德、法两国铁路为例,每年铁路都有大量亏损。因此选择D。而B选项中disappearing仅仅是美国的情况。

  28. caution

5.D younger workers are readily
available解析:题目中employer为关键字,找到第六段,该段看似没有直接提到为什么雇主不愿意雇佣old
workers,但从其不断分析新涌现出来的劳动力替代者,可以总结的出D选项,即年轻劳动力的供给已足以满足企业需求。

  7.C The speakers share a common view on love。

范文1: It is a not-uncommon social phenomenon that the university
rankings are especially prevalent in our country. For example,
universities are measured by scale, academic achievements or the number
of papers published in famous magazines.

  58 B) Its customers have been drawn away by Citi Banks。

W: There is an element there about competition then, isn’t there?
Because British railways are a nationalized industry. There’s only one
railway system in the country. If you don’t like a particular kind of
big beans, you can go and buy another. But if you don’t like a
particular railway, you can’t go and use another.M: Some people who
write to me say this. They say that if you didn’t have monopoly, you
wouldn’t be able to do the things you do. Well, I don’t think we do
anything deliberately to upset our customers. We have particular
problems. Since 1946, when the Transport Act came in, we were
nationalized.W: Do you think that’s a good thing? Has it been a good
thing for the railways, do you think, to be nationalized?M: Oh I think
so, yes. Because in general, modes of transport are all around. Let’s
face the fact. The car arrived. The car is here to stay. There is no
question about that.W: So what are you saying then? Is it if the
railways happen being nationalized, they would simply have
disappeared?M: Oh, I think they would have. They’re disappearing fast in
America. Er, the French railways lose 1 billion ponds a year. The German
railways, 2 billion ponds a year. But you see, those governments are
preparing to pour money into the transport system to keep it going.W: So
in a sense, you cope between two extremes. On the one hand, you’re
trying not to lose too much money. And on the other hand, you’ve got to
provide the best service.M: Yes, you are right.

  答案:B. They work in the tourist industry。

Passage Two

  互联网

PartⅠ作文1. 目前高校排名相当盛行2. 对于这种做法,人们看法不一3. 我认为……

  15. D His determination

1.A not be sustained in the long
term解析:关键字1994对应第一段第三行,题干中unsustainable即选项A中sustained的反义表达方式。选择A。

  点评:事实细节题,考查同学们对于数字的记录。

Passage Three

  八、阅读理解答案:仔细阅读(沪江网校版)

  1. diverse37. tragic38. commit39. outcome40. scale41. colleagues42.
    accurate43. averages44. Students with high hope set themselves higher
    goals and know how to work to attain them,45. went beyond the simple
    notion that hope is merely the sense that everything will turn out all
    right.46. Having hope means believing you have both the will and the way
    to accomplish your goals, whatever they may be.

  2.C They might as well take the next bus。

Section B

  53. C

Among global warming’s most frightening threats is the prediction is
that the polar ice-caps will melt, raising sea level so much that
coastal cities from New York to Los Angles to Shanghai will be flooded.
Scientists agree that key player in this scenario is the West Antarctic
ice sheet, a Brazil-size mass of frozen water that is much as 7000 feet
thick. Unlike floating ice shelves which have little impact on sea level
when they break up, the ice sheet is anchored to bedrock will blow the
sea surface. Surrounded by open ocean, it is also vulnerable, but
Antarctic experts disagree strongly on just how unstable it is. Now, new
evidence reveals that all or most of the Antarctic ice sheet collapsed
at least once during the past 1.3 million years, a period when global
temperatures probably were not significantly higher than they are today.
And the ice sheet was assumed to have been stable. In geological time, a
million years is recent history. The proof, which was published last
week in Science, comes from a team of scientists from Uppsala University
in Sweden and California Institute of Technology who drew deep holes
near the edge of ice sheet. Within samples collected from the solid
substances lying beneath the ice. They found fossils of microscopic
marine plants which suggest that the region was once open ocean not
solid ice. As Herman Engleheart, a co-author from the California
Institute of Technology says, ‘the West Antarctic ice sheet disappear
once and can disappear again.’

  二、四级听力答案:短对话(沪江网校版)

14M: This truck looks like what I need but I’m worried about
maintenance. For us it’ll have to operate for long periods of time in
very cold temperatures.W: We have several models that are especially
adaptive for extreme conditions. Would you like to see them?Q: What do
we learn about the man from the conversation?

  23. What can be said about Andorra before the 1930s?

30 B)Whether a deleted photo is immediately removed from the
web.听力一开始作者就建议我们尝试删除自己上传的照片“Take a photo and
upload it to Facebook, then after a day or so, note what the URL link to
the picture is and then delete it.”,由此可知应该选B。

  答案:(B) They grew up in different surroundings。

6.B large numbers of immigrants from
overseas解析:这道题间接考察了学生变换思维的能力,Japan在文中一时难以找到,但其所代表的发达国家群体developed
countries却出现在了第七段,而该段恰恰揭示了发达国家靠移民劳动力寻求养老机制危机一时的缓解的举措。

  41. M. simple

附:听力原文

  本次选词填空是一篇关于日常生活化学污染的文章。文章内容虽然略带科普性,但实际上与大家的日常生活息息相关,如果用生活常识和中文的背景知识来答题也能帮助不少。同时,从词汇考查角度看,仍然与往年相同,副词考查最少,名词和动词重点考查,所以与沪江英语教研君在平时向大家提倡的一样,建议对选项和目标词进行词性的标注和预判,进而再根据语法规则及上下文逻辑确定最终答案。另外,本次考题再次证明了难词往往不是答案,例如D.
demonstrated,G. habitually都并未出现在答案中。

62 B set out set out plans表示制定计划63 C abandoning abandon 放弃,once
unshakeable orthodoxy表示曾经不可动摇的做法,也就是现在要放弃了。64 B
with struggle
with表示同…斗争,介词搭配,这里表示设法应对广告收入和报纸销售量下降的局面。65
A intends intend to表示打算…,从后面的at the beginning of
2011,可知还没有这么做,只是计划或者打算这么做。66 C exceeded
超过,是说当用户每月阅读文章超过一定量时就要收费。67 C on 和side搭配,on
the side of …表示拥护…;站在…一边。68 B charge
本词在文章中多次出现,charge sb表示向某人收费。69 B such as
表示举例,从后面举London’s Evening Standard作为例子,可知应该选such
as.70 B free 前面提到abandon readership
revenue,即放弃读者收益,由此可知应该是make print editions free.71 D
acknowledged 表示承认,这里表示Arthur Sulzberger承认这么做是一种赌博。72
C bet 打赌,赌注,从前面的gamble可知应该选bet。73 A circulation
发行量,从后面的数量可知应该选circulation。74 A behind
NYT排名第三,即排在the Wall Street Journal and USA Today后面。75 C While
while在这里表示对比,从上下文可知NYT与美国其他报纸不同。76 D claim
声称,宣称,这里是说NYT声称自己是全国范围的报纸。77 C maintains
维持,运营,即NYT还在世界其他地方运营着26个办公室。78 D like
从下文可知NYT和印刷行业的其他公司一样,也受到金融危机的影响,所以选like,表示同…一样。79
A serious
严重的,考察形容词与名词的搭配,从下文的数据可知遭受严重经济损失。80 D
suffered 遭受,suffer a loss遭受损失,常见搭配。81 C loan
贷款,前文提到公司损失了很多钱,所以需要从别处借钱来补充资金。

  40. J. ranging

  1. What is one of the most frightening threats of global warming
    according to the passage?C) Many coastal cities will be covered with
    water.细节题。本题不难,从听力开头即可听到 “raising sea level so much
    that coastal cities from New York to Los Angles to Shanghai will be
    flooded” 所以选C选项。

  2. What do scientists disagree on?B) How unstable the West Antarctic
    ice sheet is.细节题。本题不难。注意关键句 “but Antarctic experts
    disagree strongly on just how unstable it is” 即可得出答案。

  3. What is the latest information revealed about the West Antarctic ice
    sheet?A)It collapsed at least once during the past 1.3 million
    years.细节题。注意提取关键信息 “new evidence reveals that all or most of
    the Antarctic ice sheet collapsed at least once during the past 1.3
    million years” 所以选A选项。

  4. What the scientists’ latest findings suggest?A) The West Antarctic
    region was once a open ocean.细节题。听力最后的例子说明了这一点“which
    suggest that the region was once open ocean not solid ice”,
    而其他选项都不是最新的发现。

  34. focus on

54) C America is lagging behind in the STEMS
disciplines.细节题。主要在第二段里找答案。从段落后两句“There is
considerable and justified concern that the United States is falling
behind much of the rest of the developed world in these essential
disciplines.” 我们可以推断出是选C选项。
A和D选项比较容易排除。不选B选项,因为文章中 “India, China, Japan, and
other regions seem to be seizing technological leadership.” seem to
表明这几个国家只是有种趋势,但还没有have overtaken。

  8.A Preparations for a forum。

————————————————

  答案:(A) They want to find out the relationship between environment
and biology。

  1. A解析:第一段原文可以找到对应句子,即some iced coffees contain as
    many calories as a hot dinner.

  2. B解析:第一段原文中有对应语句,即Better skip dinner or hit the gym
    afterwards.

  3. C解析:在此句中,“The WCRF has estimated that 19,000 cancers a year
    in Britain could be prevented…”,关键词prevented可以得知答案为C选项。

  答案:A. It covers 197 square meters。

It’s always fun to write about research that you can actually try out
for yourself. Try this: Take a photo and upload it to Facebook, then
after a day or so, note what the URL link to the picture is and then
delete it. Come back a month later and see if the link works. Chances
are: It will.Facebook isn’t alone here. Researchers at Cambridge
University have found that nearly half of the social networking sites
don’t immediately delete pictures when a user requests they be removed.
In general, photo-centric websites like Flickr were found to be better
at quickly removing deleted photos upon request. Why do “deleted” photos
stick around so long? The problem relates to the way data is stored on
large websites: While your personal computer only keeps one copy of a
file, large-scale services like Facebook rely on what are called content
delivery networks to manage data and distribution. It’s a complex system
wherein data is copied to multiple intermediate devices, usually to
speed up access to files when millions of people are trying to access
the service at the same time. But because changes aren’t reflected
across the content delivery networks immediately, ghost copies of files
tend to linger for days or weeks. In the case of Facebook, the company
says data may hang around until the URL in question is reused, which is
usually “after a short period of time”, though obviously that time can
vary considerably.

  50. K

Part II 快速阅读

  【点评】:

Passage Two

  56 B) Whether local bike shops will suffer。

17M: Excuse me, Miss?Did anyone happen to turn in a new handbag? You
know, it’s a birthday gift for my wife.W: Let me see. Oh, we’ve got
quite a lot of women’s bags here. Can you give me more detailed
information, such as the color, the size and the trademark?Q: Where does
this conversation most probably take place?

  52. E

Section C

  3.C She has to do extra work for a few days。

On the other hand, we have to pay attention to an unexpected phenomenon
that some people have ignored the objectivity of university ranking.
Take South university of science and technology of china for an example,
this university occupies the second position in some university
rankings. In those rankings, it is superior to Peking University and
Tsinghua university. In a word, we should inspire the advantages of
university and abandon its disadvantages.

  11. D Spend more time changing women’s attitudes

In a nutshell, there is no easy method to rank these universities, but
the Ranking, only helps students ignore the essentials, namely, their
ninety-nine percent perspiration.

  36. N. survey

范文2: Nowadays, university and college ranking has become increasingly
popular though out the nation. According to the survey conducted by
China Daily, an estimated 85$ universities are closely concerned about
the ranking. In other words, we cannot fail to notice the obvious trend
that university ranking has become a social focus, triggering a wide
concerns across the nation, especially from school campuses.

  点评:词义判断题,考查同学们对 “travelers had difficulty in reaching
the country”的理解。

Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  51. B

————————————————

  37. O. traces

范文3: In recent years, all kinds of University Ranking Lists can be
found on some educational websites, or newspapers. The ranking standards
also vary. These lists have great influence on students. They are even
becoming the only scale to evaluate the colleges and universities.

  39. K. released

4.A allow people to work longer解析:从题干中the most effective
method找到第五段第三句原话,直接选择A选项。

  as an endangered species. The giant pandas are of special
significance for WWF (World Wildlife Fund). Since the establishment in
1961, the fund has been using the giant panda as its logo. The giant
panda is the rarest member of the bear family. They mainly live in the
forests of southwestern China. Currently, there are about 1,000 giant
pandas in the world. The bamboo-eating animals are facing many threats.
Therefore, to ensure the survival of the giant panda is more important
than ever。

Part Ⅳ 阅读

  10. D More women will work outside the family

  1. What is the key to write a good classical detective story according
    to the man?

  2. What does the man mainly need when working on a book?

  3. What does the man say about writers?

  4.A change her job。

7.B They find it hard to balance career and
family。解析:compromise关键字找到第九段,关键字出现的句子前一句就是B选项。

  33. in need of

Section A

  To begin with, this course provides us opportunities to put theories
into practices. The experiments helped us testify and better understand
what we have learned in books. Besides, by designing experimental
procedures of own, we became more flexible and innovative。

Passage Three

  答案:(A) How being an identical twin influences one’s identify。

Section A

  1.B He has not cleared the apartment since his mother’s visit。

53) D They realized that science and technology alone were no guarantee
for a better world.推论题。
我们首先比较容易排除A和C项。B项具有迷惑性,关键是看“the stability of a
society depended heavily on humanistic
study”这个选项仔细看就会发现说得太绝对了,社会的问题主要是靠人文主义的研究?显然不是很恰当。我们从下面那句也可以推断出选D比较恰当。
“Two world wars and a Great Depression rocked the confidence of many
people that scientific expertise alone could create a prosperous and
ordered world.”

  47. I

Section B

  62. B) Skilled students are moving to private schools。

  1. What does the speaker ask us to try out?

  2. What accounts for the failure of some websites to remove photos
    immediately?

  3. When will the unwanted data eventually disappear from Facebook
    according to the company?

  54. L

32 C) When the URL is reused.“In the case of Facebook, the company says
data may hang around until the URL in question is
reused”,从这句话可知只有URL被再次用到才会被删除。

  35. judgments

11W: This is one of our best and least expensive two-bedroom listings.
It’s located in a quiet building and it’s close to bus lines.M: That
maybe true. But look at it, it’s awful, the paint has peeled off and
carpet is worn and the stove is ancient.Q: What can we infer from the
conversation?

  57 C) It saw its bike sales on the rise。

  1. There is no denying that you ___________(越仔细越好) in
    dealing with this matter。解析:can never be too careful / can not be
    too careful本题考查“越仔细越好”“再…也不为过”的固定搭配,即can never be
    too/can not be too + adj。无可否认,处理这件事,越仔细越好。

  2. Only when I reached my thirties
    __________________________
    (我才意识到读书是不能被忽视的)解析:did I realize that reading cannot be
    neglected /did I realize that reading is unignorable本题考查由only when
    引起的局部倒装。当only
    when置于句首,主句用局部倒装,即将助动词置于主语前面。only
    when引导句子时态为过去时(reached),为保持时态一致,主句助动词用did;注意被动语态的使用,reading与neglect为被动关系。同时也可以使用be+adj的结构。直到三十岁,我才意识不能忽视读书。

  3. Much ___________________
    (使研究人员感到惊讶),the outcome of the experiment was far better than
    they had expected。解析:to the researchers’ surprise本题考查固定搭配 to
    one’s surprise
    使…惊讶的是…让研究人员大为惊讶的是,实验结果比他们的预计好得多。

  4. Oh, my, I can’t find my key;
    __________________________(我一定是把它放在哪儿了)。解析:I
    must have left / put it
    somewhere。本题考查对过去事情的肯定的猜测,即must
    have+过去分词,leave与put都有放置的意思,但leave强调遗忘在…,较之put,leave更贴合题意。天啊,我找不到钥匙。我一定是把它放在哪儿了。

  14. B To get a good import agent

48.答案:lose composure解析:文中提到may lead to a loss of
composure。要用在主语后面就要把loss变成动词lose。

  大熊猫是一种温顺的动物,长着独特的黑白皮毛。因其数量极少,大熊猫已被列为濒危物种。大熊猫对于世界自然基金会有着特殊意义。自1961年该基金会成立以来,大熊猫就一直是它的徽标。大熊猫是熊科中最稀有的成员,主要生活在中国西南部的森林里。目前,世界上大约有1000只大熊猫。这些以竹为食的动物正面临许多威胁。因此,确保大熊猫的生存比以往更重要。

51.答案:aggressive解析:文中提到…into physically aggression or
violence,而此处在become后就要用aggression的形容词形式。

  59 A) Inexperienced riders might break biking rules。

  1. What is one of the most frightening threats of global warming
    according to the passage?

  2. What did scientists disagree on?

  3. What is the latest information revealed about the West Antarctic ice
    sheet?

  4. What the scientists’ latest findings suggest?

  一、四级作文参考范文:大学里最难忘的课(沪江网校版)

For those university-students-to-be, they are supposed to choose the
school according to his or her own situation, but not the so-called
Ranking List. What’s more, how about the university students? How do
they feel about themselves when they see the ranking? The list may
become some intangible shackles for them if their own school ranks
poorly.

  中国的互联网社区是全世界发展最快的,2010年,中国约有4.2亿网民,而且人数还在迅速增长。互联网的日渐流行带来了重大的社会变化。中国网民往往不同于美国网民。美国网民更多的是受实际需要的驱使,用互联网为工具发电子邮件、买卖商品、做研究、规划旅程或付款。中国网民更多是出于社交原因使用互联网,因而更广泛的使用论坛、博客、聊天室等等。

49.答案:stress-related disorders解析:文中提到can contribute to
stress-related disorder。

  16. What are scientists trying to explain according to the passage?

Section A

  旅游

Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  43. L. shocked

Part Ⅵ 翻译

  63. C) Talented women teachers。

  1. What does the woman say about British railways?

  2. What do some people who write to the man complain about?

  3. What does the man say threatens the existence of railways?

  4. What does the man say about railways in other countries?

  四级听力答案及点评:短文第三篇(沪江网校版)

————————————————

  The Chinese Internet Community experienced the fastest development.
By 2010, there had been 420 million netizens in China and this number is
still rising rapidly. The popularization of Internet has brought about
huge changes. Generally speaking, American netizens are more often than
not driven by real necessities such as sending emails, on-line trading,
doing research, travel planning and on-line payment. While, Chinese
netizens use Internet out of the need for social communication.
Therefore, they log more generally onto web forums, blogs and chatting
rooms。

Enjoying an iced coffee? Better skip dinner or hit the gym afterwards,
with a cancer charity warning that some iced coffees contain as many
calories as a hot dinner. The World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF)
conducted a survey of iced coffees sold by some popular chains in
Britain including Starbucks, Caffe Nero and Costa Coffee to gauge the
calories as studies increasingly link obesity with cancer. The worst
offender – a coffee from Starbucks — had 561 calories. Other iced
coffees contained more than 450 calories and the majority had an excess
of 200. Health experts advise that the average woman should consume
about 2,000 calories a day and a man about 2,500 calories to maintain a
healthy weight. Dieters aim for 1,000 to 1,500 calories a day. “The fact
that there is an iced coffee on the market with over a quarter of a
woman’s daily calories allowance is alarming,” Dr Rachel Thompson,
science programme manager at London-based WCRF, said in a
widely-reported statement. “This is the amount of calories you might
expect to have in an evening meal, not in a drink.”The WCRF has
estimated that 19,000 cancers a year in Britain could be prevented if
people lost their excess weight with growing evidence that excess body
fat increases the risk of various cancers. “If you are having these
types of coffee regularly then they will increase the chances of you
becoming overweight, which in turn increases your risk of developing
cancer, as well as other diseases such as heart disease.” she added.

  6.B The woman does not like horror films。

56) C Humanistic thinking helps cultivate and define our culture and
values.细节题。本题不难。作者为什么如此着重人文主义的研究,其他三项都是非常具体的,且都不是重点。只有C选项符合。且我们从最后这一句
“But try to imagine our world as well without the remarkable works that
have defined our culture and values.” 及作者的语气可以更加确定是C选项。

  65. D) An ever-growing number of administrators。

People hold different views toward this phenomenon. Some believe that
these lists help the students a lot, especially for those who will
choose their university. While some other protest vigorously. In their
points, the list is really ridiculous and harmful. In my view, the
university ranking may have its own reference values, but its
disadvantages overweigh its values.

  答案:C. The building of roads connecting it with neighboring
countries。

10.military service解析:要理解题目中less willing to
的含义,即不情愿,这样定位到倒数第三段第一句的reluctant, commit sth. to
sth. ,空格内需要填写名词,参照原文,即military service。

  点评:事实细节题,需要同学们听到并理解句子“When roads were built
from France and Spain to Andorra in the 1930s, life picked up speed。”

W: When you write a novel, do you know where you’re going, Dr. James?M:
Yes, you must, really, if you’re writing the classical detective story,
because it must be so carefully plotted and so carefully clued. I have
schemes. I have charts. I have diagrams. It doesn’t mean to say that I
always get it right, but I do plan before I begin writing. But what is
so fascinating is how a book changes during the process of writing. It
seems to me that creative writing is a process of revelation, really,
rather than of creativity in the ordinary sense.W: When you’re planning
the basic structure, do you like to go away to be sure that you’re by
yourself?M: I need to be by myself certainly, absolutely. I can’t even
bare anybody else in the house. I don’t mind much where I am as long as
I’ve got enough space to write, but I need to be completely alone.W: Is
that very important to you?M: Oh, yes. I’ve never been lonely in all my
life.W: How extraordinary! Never?M: No, never.W: You’re very lucky.
Someone once said that there’s a bit of ice at the heart of every
writer.M: Yes. I think this is true. The writer can stand aside from
experience and look at it, watch it happening. There is this
‘detachment’ and I realize that there are obviously experiences which
would overwhelm everyone. But very often, a writer can appear to stand
aside, and this detachment makes people feel there’s a bit of ice in the
heart.

  32. participated

————————————————

  49. O

16W I’d like to exchange the shirt. I’ve learned that the person bought
it for allergic to wool.M Maybe we can find something in cotton or silk.
Please come this way.Q;What does the women want to do?

  55. G

18M What are you going to do with the old house you are in heritage from
your grandfather?W I once intended to sell it, but now, I’m thinking of
turning it into a guest house, because it’s still a solid structure.Q:
What does the man plan to do with his old house?

  Basic Chemical Experiment influenced me not only on academic field
but also on daily affairs, therefore it’s the most impressing course to
me。

3.D politicians are afraid of losing votes in the next
election解析:首先需要理解题目意图,即为何养老机制改革迟迟不能进行,然后定位到文章第四段,其实只要从段落中politician这一关键字就能选定D选项。

  22. How big does the speaker say Andorra is?

Passage Two

  46. E

短对话

  45. B. average

Section C

  17. What do we learn about the twin Jims?

解析:

  新浪教育[微博]讯
2014年12月20日全国大学英语四级考试已结束,本次考试为多题多卷,新浪外语第一时间收集整理不同版本试题,供考生参考,以下是新浪网教育频道第一时间收集整理不同版本试题,供考生参考,以下为沪江网校提供的四级试题及参考答案汇总:

Section B

  点评:主旨大意题,从文章中的各个方面,表现出现在安道尔国家的人民大多从事旅游业。

  1. What warning did some health experts give?

  2. What does the author suggest people do after they have an iced
    coffee?

  3. What could British people expect if they maintain a normal body
    weight according to the WCRF?

  九、阅读理解答案:长篇阅读(沪江网校版)

As to this issue, opinions vary from person to person. Some people hold
that university ranking dramatically promotes the development of
university in various fields. But others maintain that university
ranking also leads to some undesirable consequences such as academic
fraud even to deceive people.

  29. live with

62-66 BCBAC67-71 CBBBD72-76 CAACD77-81 CDADC

  四、四级听力答案及点评:短文第一篇(沪江网校版)

52) A solve virtually existing all problems细节题。抓住时间点“In the
early 2oth century” 我们从第一句 “offer solutions to almost every
problem” 便可知道答案。选择A选项。

  三、四级听力答案:长对话(沪江网校版)

Part Ⅴ 完型填空

  The giant panda is a docile animal with unique black and white fur.
Because of their small number, giant pandas have been listed

  30. alternatives

  48. D

  5.D He failed to do what he promised to do。

  60 D) Approving。

  越来越多的中国年轻人正对旅游产生兴趣,这是近年来的新趋势。年轻游客数量和不断增加,可以归于他们迅速提高的收入和探索外部世界的好奇心。随着旅行多了,年轻人在大城市和著名景点花的时间少了,他们反而更为偏远的地方所吸引,有些人甚至选择长途背包旅行。最近调查显示,很多年轻人想要通过旅行体验不同的文化,丰富知识,拓宽视野。

  9. B Scandinavia

  24. What event changed the situation in Andorra?

  When talking about the course which impresses me the most, I will
certainly choose Basic Chemical Experiment. As a student of science, I
am always fascinated with the magic in test tubes, and from this course
I gained more than pure knowledge。

  13. C He is the Managing Director of Jayal Motors

  26. familiar

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