A humble wish for my dear Jian Shu

  2013年一月大学捷克语六级考试已完工,此次考试为多题多卷,腾讯网指引[微博]频道第临时间搜集收十一分化版本试题,供考生参照他事他说加以考查,以下为六级听力复合式听写原作(沪江版)。

那本书的pdf版本下载已经八个月了,可是一贯从未耐性读完,更不提施行每章的利用了。最终想了个笨办法,也是受李笑来老师启示,一个词一个词敲下来,确实对阅读有帮带。今天权且敲到那边。

Sunday morning. One of the rare days I can sleep to my heart’s content.
 Needless to say, I was the last one to get out of the bed.  I walked
downstairs with eyes half-closed, put on my e-gadgets at the charging
corner, and turned on the phone. It’s become a habit of mine to check
Jian Shu notifications first thing in the morning.  Something hit me.
 My latest post was rejected by the Front Page.

钱柜官方网站手机版 ,  2011年一月大学意大利语六级考试
Part III Listening Comprehension
复合式听写标题

By Vincent Ryan Ruggiero

I was utterly speechless.  

  Self-image is the picture you have of yourself, the  sort of person
you believe you are. Included in your self-image are the 
categories in which you place yourself, the roles you play and
other similar  descriptors you use to identify yourself. If you
tell an acquaintance you are a  grandfather who recently lost his wife
and who does volunteer work on weekends,  several elements of your
self-image are bought to light — the roles of  grandparent, widower and
conscientious citizen。<br />But self-image is more than  how you
picture yourself; it also involves how others see you. Three types of 
feedback from others are indicative of how they see us: conformation,
rejection,  and disconfirmation. Conformation occurs when others treat
you in a manner  consistent with who you believe you are.You believe you
have leadership  abilities and your boss put you in charge of a new work
team. On the other hand,  rejection occurs when others treat you in a
manner that is inconsistent with  yourself definition. Pierre Salinger
was appointed senator from California but  subsequently lost his first
election.  He thought he was a good public official,  but the
voters obviously thought otherwise— Their vote was inconsistent with
his  self-concept. The third type of feedback is disconfirmation, which
occurs when  others fail to respond to your notion of self by responding
neutrally. A student writes what he thinks is  an excellent
composition, but the teacher writes no encouraging  remarks. Rather
than  relying on how others classify you, consider how you identify
yourself. The way  in which you identify yourself is the best refection
of  yourself-image。

INTRODUCTION

It was a post about a pen case I designed with pride and a full week of
late night work at the storage room/design studio/sewing table.  Word
count over 2K.  Okay, I am not saying effort always turns into
accomplishment.  But (now here comes the big “but”), this is something
so original that no one has ever thought of, a pen case that closes on
its own, cleverly concealed in a shiny pink wrapper in the shape of a
piece of hard candy.  The normal (and only) pen cases you see are
usually a rectangular base piece with multiple loops where you insert
the pens into.  Compared to these simple designs, It’s safe to say mine
is a work of ultimate cuteness with one-of-a-kind mechanism for the best
user experience.  For one, you don’t need to insert your pens one by one
after use.  You just line them up on the main piece and close the top
and bottom flaps.  Then, with one simple press you will trigger the snap
bracelet hidden underneath the main piece and it rolls into a perfect
piece of candy.  When you unroll it open, all the pens are still lined
up the way they were.  

Beyond feelings is designed to introduce you to the subject of critical
thinking. The subject is undoubtedly new to you because it is not taught
in most elementary and secondary schools. In fact, until fairly recently
it was not taught in most colleges. During the 1960s and much of the
1970s the emphasis was more on subjectivity than on objectivity, more on
feeling than on thought.

Oh well, just like a proud parent, I can go on and on about how great my
kids are all day long.  However this is not the main point of this post,
although this WAS what upset me the most at that moment, so upset that I
lost some sleep last night questioning my flaw.  The point is to find
out the reason behind this rejection.  

Over the past ten years, however, a number of studies of America’s
schools have criticized the neglect of critical think, and a growing
number of educators and leaders in business, industry, and the
professions have urged the development of new courses and teaching
materials to overcome that neglect.

I am by no means criticizing the taste of the editors who are in charge
of reviewing thousands of posts with unthinkable  diligence day in and
day out.  In fact, there have been multiple instances where I wrote to
the editors who responded quickly by rescinding the rejection and
putting my post back on to the Front Page.  I have full appreciation for
their hard work.  It’s never easy to read though so many posts and still
maintain a clear standard.  

It is no exaggeration to say that critical thinking is one of the most
important subjects you will study in college regardless of your academic
major. The quality of your schoolwork, your efforts in your career, your
contributions to community life, and your conduct of personal affairs
will all depend on your ability to solve problems and make decisions.

I do, however, have a humble wish  that Jianshu will remain a
platform that inspires originality and promotes a nurturing
environment where writers can grow to their full potential.  

The book has four main sections. The first, “The Context,” will help you
to understand such important concepts as individuality, thinking, truth,
knowledge, and opinion and to overcome attitudes and ideas that obstruct
critical thinking. The second section, “The Problems,” will teach you to
recognize and avoid nine common errors that often occur, singly or in
combination, during the thinking process. The third section, “A
Strategy,” will help you acquire the various skills used in addressing
problems and issues. This section includes tips on identifying and
overcoming you personal intellectual weaknesses, as well as techniques
for becoming more observant, clarifying issues and conducting inquiry,
interpreting evidence, analyzing other people’s views, and making sound
judgments.

When I started with Jian Shu a little over a year ago, the tag line was
“找回文字的才干”.  I had just finished a short (and unpolished) story
and was thirsting for a place to show the world how great it was (just
like this pen case design).  After some internet search I found Jian
Shu, a writing and blogging app that stated itself as a platform for
sharing original literature.  Besides a clean UI that is very pleasing
to read and write with, I also found countless writers whose knowledge
and telant about different topics are so profound that it made me hard
to follow their thoughts.  There were also those who worked so hard at
what they wanted to achieve that I could only imagine the late nights
and weekends they spend learning and perfecting their skills while I was
watching 电视机 or surfing the internet.  

At the end of each chapter you will find a number of applications to
challenge your critical thinking and provide exercise for your sills.

I fell in love with Jian Shu right away.  If I couldn’t be that good, at
least I could have a chance to appreciate how good others are and pick
their brain, so I thought.  

These applications cover problems and issues both timely and timeless.

Overtime I, too, have collected some fans and likes with posts mostly
about food, cooking and my craft works.  I am pretty self-conscious when
it comes to reading my own work, as I know my writing is far from being
readable.  However surprising it might be, many of the posts I submitted
were accepted by the Front Page.  Due to the time difference, I normally
received notifications during night time.  After each submission, I
often found myself going downstairs to check my phone in the middle of
the night, just to see how many likes and fans came through.  As I wrote
more and more, I soon became used to being accepted by the Front Page,
although there was little  improvement in my writing.  Little did I know
that I had become this spoiled kid who takes everything for granted
instead of earning the right.  

The fourth section of the book, “Some Contemporary Issues,” presents
additional important issues that continue to occupy the attention of the
best thinkers of our time.

Perhaps another proof of my deficiency is the fact that the more fans I
have, the fewer my posts are being read.   Now, there IS a difference
between being seen and being visible.  Anything can go unnoticed if you
are not paying attention or it doesn’t look interesting enough, even if
it is right under your nose.  Likewise, just being on Front Page doesn’t
mean people are gonna read it.  

In brief, Beyond Feelings is designed to help you acquire the
intellectual skills necessary to solve the exciting problems of today
and tomorrow.

In an attempt to deny my poor writing, I blamed it on the demographic of
the users.  Younger people need guidance, advice, direction, answers,
facts, data, etc.  What can I offer them?  I don’t know how to write Ji
Tang.  For the few occasions that I’ve tried, they all turned to another
direction and became something else before I knew it.  I am not a
subject matter expert, and if I do know something, it was far too
shallow to share.  Besides a few  different aspects and life experiences
that come with age, the only thing I can show off is probably my love
for arts and craft.  

Chapter One

See, that was where I lost it.  Nothing upsets people more than not
recognizing what they are most proud of and care about.  But here, my
creations are at the mercy of the editors to decide how far they can go.
 

WHO ARE YOU?

Now that I think of it, this is a truth about life.  You simply can not
go far if you are not good enough.  You will fall.  The minute you
decide to show others who you are and what you are capable of, you will
be subject to criticism from different sources.  The problem is, without
being visible to a greater population of writers and readers, you can’t
be seen.  When you can’t be seen, you simply can’t get any feedback.  No
feedback means you are just talking to yourself, writing your diary in a
locked room, or listening to your own echo.  Surrendering posts to one
person’s judgement makes everyone vulnerable to subjective opinions and
unclear standards.  No matter how capable that person is, it’s
inevitable that he/she will come across something that’s outside of
his/her realm.  The quality of writers’ work should be respected by the
judgement of subject matter experts, and then be recognized by
showcasing them to a wider reader population.  Receiving feedback from
these experts would enable writers to better gauge themselves for
improvement, instead of getting a simple rejection notification that
comes from an unknown source.  Like a circular formula in EXCEL that
yields no solution, this situation benefits no one and, as frustration
builds, will eventually drive users away.

Suppose someone asked, “Who are you?” it would be simple enough to
respond with your name. But if the person wanted to know the whole story
about who you are, it would be more difficult to answer. You’d obviously
have to give the details of your height and age and weight. You’d also
have to include all your sentiments and preferences, even the secret
ones you’d never shared with anyone – your affection for you parents;
your desire to please the crowd you associate with; your dislike of your
older sister’s husband; your allegiance to Budweiser beer, the Ford
Motor Company, the Denver Broncos, Calvin Klein jeans, and Bruce
Springsteen.

Unless, Jian Shu doesn’t care.  

Your attitudes couldn’t be overlooked either – the impatience you have
when an issue gets complex, your aversion to English courses, your
rejection of communism, your fear of high places and dogs and speaking
in public. The list would go on. To be complete, it would have to
include all your characteristics – not only the physic cal but the
emotional and intellectual as well.

The current tag line of Jian Shu is “沟通轶闻,交换主张”.  I never read
too much into this until now.  When it first came out, I simply took it
as an effort to increase user interaction, which is key to drawing users
in similar writing and blogging apps, so I heard.  Soon came various
offline activities in different cities and an personalized front page.  
These, however, wouldn’t accomplish the goal long term.  Those who come
to Jian Shu for social purpose can be easily drawn away when a newer,
more attractive app comes along.  Without setting Jian Shu apart from
others, it will eventually get lost in the litter of copy cats that are
born  everyday.    I am not clear about what Jian Shu is positioning
itself as on the market, but I sure hope it’s not just a social app
where people share posts like a public bulletin board.    

To provide all that information would be quite a chore. But suppose the
questioner was still curious, and now asked, “How did you get the way
you are?” if your patience were not yet exhausted, changes are you’d
answer something like this: “I’m that way because i choose to be,
because I’ve considered other sentiments and preferences and attitudes
and made my selection. The one I chose fit my style and personality
best.” That answer is a natural enough one, and in part it’s true. But
in a larger sense it’s not true. The impact of the world on all of us is
much greater than we usually realize.

After the rejection, I was seriously considering leaving Jian Shu to
other platforms that are geared towards craft lovers like myself, or
starting my own blog.  Of course Jian Shu could care less about a nobody
like me.  Many Da Shen writers have left Jian Shu  as well, or no longer
maintain an active presence.  I hope it is all for personal reasons, not
because their love for Jian Shu has fainte or they’ve found a place that
suits them better.  

Ø INFLUENCES ON IDENTITY

But I decided to stay, for I believe Jianshu is still a child that needs
time to grow, just like writers do.  

You are not only a member of a particular species, Homo sapiens, but you
exist a t a particular moment in the history of the species. Being a
young adult today is quite different from being a young adult thirty
years ago, and very different from being a young adult in 1500 or 10,000
B.C. The world’s state of progress differs, and likewise its knowledge
and beliefs and values. The opportunities for learning and working and
relaxing are not the same. So people’s daily thoughts and actions vary.

What it needs is our patience, patience for it to become a place where
users find a sense of belonging and confidence for self
improvement
.  

Variations in place and circumstance also can make a difference. If
you’re from a large city, the odds are you look at many things
differently from someone in the country. A person raised for eighteen
years in New York City or Los Angeles who goes to college in town of
3,000 will find the experience difficult. So will a person raised on an
isolated farm. But probably for opposite reasons! If you are an American
sports enthusiast, you’re probably interested in football, baseball, or
basketball. But if you were Chinese, you’d much more familiar with and
excited about ping-ping, and if you were European, soccer. If your
father is an automobile mechanic, you undoubtedly know more about cars
than does the average person. If your mother is a teacher, you’ll tend
have a somewhat different perspective on school and teachers than do
other students.

Currently, topic host/editor have an option to provide writers a reason
for rejection by writing them a Jian Mail.  I’ve been doing this for my
topic all along to all submissions.  I’ve never received feedback from
other topics I submitted my post to after rejection.  I understand that
this is not practical for those popular topics that receives hundreds if
not thousands of submissions everyday.  What I would greatly appreciate
is a mechanism where hosts/editors can quickly rate submissions in lieu
of writing feedback, just like teachers grade students’ homework in
school.  This shouldn’t put more burden on topic hosts since it is the
same process, just one more click than what it does now.  So instead of
a cold “Accept or Reject”, you will also get a 2 star or 4 star rating
from someone you know who knows the stuff you are writing about. How
awesome is that!  

In much the same way, all the details about your family very likely have
some bearing on who you are.Their religion, race, national origin,
political affiliation, economic level, attitudes towards one another,
all have made some contribution to your identity.

Another key element to this is the topics, which are now hidden after
the last version update.   We already know that the official topics
endorsed by Jian Shu are hosted by various writers whose expertise is
acknowledged by many, but submitting posts to them is no easy task.
 Unless you subscribe to that topic, you will need to know the name to
be able to find it on the main page.

Of course, people may reject what they are taught at home. People
between the ages of eighteen and twenty-one often have sharp and
apparently permanent differences with their parents in terms of beliefs
and values on many issues. Still, whether you accept or reject what you
are taught, your present position grows out of those teachings. It is a
response to your upbringing. Given different parents with a different
culture and different values – growing up, say, in Istanbul rather than
Dubuque – your response would necessarily be different. You would, in
that sense, not be the same person.

钱柜官方网站手机版 1

Ø THE ROLE OF MASS CULTURE

The “smart” topic suggestion that pops up after you publish a post often
frustrates me,  as they disappear if I don’t submit right  then and
there.  (If you know a way, make sure to comment at the bottom please!)

In centuries past, the influence of family and teachers was the
dominant, and sometimes the only, influence on children. Today, however,
the influence exerted by mass culture( but broadcast media, newspapers,
magazines and popular music) is often greater.

In addition to attracting more users, I hope Jian Shu would also
consider expanding or consolidating the current official topics.  Like
the magazines and TV channels under a huge media enterprise, periodic
review of the topics for popularity and quality of posts would also help
maintain a healthy and viable writing community.  

By age eighteen the average teenager has spent 11,000 hours in the class
room and 22,000 hours in front of the television set. He or she has done
perhaps 13,000 school lessons, yet has watched more than 750,000
commercials.

And this, is what I would call “valuable interaction”, for both users
and Jian Shu.  

What effects does mass culture have on young people ( and many adults,
as well)? To answer, we need only consider the formats and devices
commonly used. Modern advertising typically bombards the public with
slogans and testimonials by celebrities. This approach is designed to
appeal to emotions and create artificial needs for products and
services. As a result, many people develop the habit of responding
emotionally, impulsively, and gullibly to such appeals.

Well, I better stop here before I expand my wish list further.  Greed is
no good.  

Television programmers use frequent scene shifts and sensory appeals
such as car crashes, violence, and sexual encounters to keep audience
interest from diminishing. Then they add frequent commercial
interruptions. As a result, many people find it difficult to concentrate
in school or at work. They may think the teacher or the job is boring
when, in fact, mass culture has made them impatient with the normal
rhythms of life. Finally, mass culture promotes values that oppose those
held by most parents. Play is presented as more fulfilling than work,
self-gratification more desirable than self-control, and materialism
more meaningful than idealism. People who adopt these values without
questioning them may end up sacrificing worthy goals to their pursuit of
“a good time” and lots of money.

Ø EFFECTS ON SELF-IMAGE

The circumstances of our lives are so influential that they affect not
only our view of the world but also our view of ourselves. If you were
to make a list of your capacities for different kinds of activities, you
might say, for example, “i work well with mechanical things, but i have
no talent for dealing with ideas.” Would that be accurate? Not
necessarily! It would be what you had come to believe about yourself,
the conclusion you’d reached as a result of your experience. However, it
might very well be a conclusion you reached too soon.

Dr. Maxwell Maltz explains the amazing results one educator had in
improving the grades of school children by changing their self-images.
He had observed that when they saw themselves as stupid in a particular
subject ( or stupid in general), they unconsciously acted to confirm
their self-images. They believed they were stupid, so they acted that
way. Reasoning that it was their defeatist attitude rather than lack of
ability that was defeating them, the educator set out to change their
self-images. He found that when he accomplished that, they no longer
behaved stupidly!

Maltz records how this same negative self-image kept a salesman from
every reaching more than a certain level of sales. When his territory
was changed to a larger and more promising territory, he continued to
make the same dollar amount, not a bit more. The trouble was found to be
not in the conditions of his work but in his self-image. He had decided
he couldn’t exceed a certain amount, and so he subconsciously prevented
himself from doing so.

Maltz concludes from these and other examples that our experiences can
work a kind of self-hypnotism on us, suggesting a conclusion about
ourselves and then urging us to make it come true.

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